The aim has been to review different reintegration measures and their link with assisted voluntary return, but it is also important to create a sustainable connection between voluntary return, reintegration and development. Several reintegration programmes have been studied in eight different member countries in the EU and in three countries in Africa. Delmi has been active in the process through workshops and study visits to various authorities and organizations in Denmark/Sweden, England and Tunisia. This work has resulted in the report The sustainable reintegration of returning migrants: A better homecoming.
On October 15, Delmi's project group on Return & Reintegration participated in the virtual conference for the launch of the report. Henrik Malm Lindberg was a panellist in the first panel which addressed that for most migrants, reintegration assistance is just one of many factors affecting the return decision and that some migrants who are eligible for assistance return without it. Henrik Malm Lindberg expressed how both programme outcomes and the individual level are relevant to evaluate since the outcomes reflects the circumstances of a specific context and rejected asylum seekers are rarely a homogenous group.
Nassim Majidi, founder of the consulting organization Samuel Hall, participated in the second panel where Delmi's research was used as an example of what happens on the reintegration side. She also emphasized using local actors and expertise based in countries of origin. During 2020, Samuel Hall has together with local staff interviewed returnees from Sweden in Afghanistan and Iraq, for Delmi's research.
The interviews in Delmi's return study aim to increase knowledge about the driving forces that lead to the decision to migrate, what the asylum process in Sweden looks like and what affects their ability to reintegrate or will to return to Europe. It also makes it possible to identify new sustainable reintegration measures for future reintegration programs.
Picture by Erika Wittlieb from Pixabay.